On September 12, 1848, Alexis de Tocqueville delivered a speech in which he argued that “democracy and socialism are not interdependent concepts,” but “opposing philosophies.” In part he argued, “Democracy and socialism have but one thing in common—equality. But note well the difference. Democracy aims at equality in liberty. Socialism desires equality in constraint and in servitude.” 170 years later in the West there is still tension between those who understand liberty in these fundamentally different ways. In the face of mounting crises like rising debt, youth unemployment, terrorism, demographic decline, and an influx of refugees, the diagnoses of the causes and the prescription for the solutions that come from different foundational perspectives diverge substantially. This one day event will explore the foundational commitments that have shaped the political, economic, and cultural landscape of the Western world and the prospects for Western society as we wrestle with these two conflicting concepts of liberty.